Part – C
SOCIAL STUDIES: GEOGRAPHY (Marks: 35)
I. Principles of Physical Geography:
Interior of the Earth.
Major relief features of the Earth; Mountains, plateaus and plains.
Wegner’s theory of continental drift, theory of Isostasy, Earthquakes and
Chief types of rocks and their characteristics. Weathering and Erosion.
Landforms in Fluvial, Arid, Karst, Glacial and Marine cycles.
Structure and composition of the atmosphere. Distribution of temperature-vertical
and horizontal; temperature inversion.
Pressure Belts and Planetary wind systems, Monsoons & Local winds, Precipitation, types of
rainfall, Cyclones and anticyclones-tropical and temperate cyclones-an outline of Koppen’s
classification of climates.
Submarine relief – Distribution of temperature and salinity – Movements of Ocean
water: Waves, Tides and Currents – Currents of the Pacific, the Atlantic and the Indian ocean –
II. Social and Economic Geography:
Definition, scope and objectives of Economic Geography Physical Environment and
Human activities, Concept of Resources, Types of resources, Conservation and management of
resources – Distribution, Pattern and growth trends of population in the world; Type of
settlements – Urban and Rural, Trends in Urban growth; Agriculture: Distribution of Rice,
Wheat, Tea, Coffee, Cotton and Sugarcane; Distribution of major forest types, major fishing
grounds of the world; Mineral and power resources : Iron, Bauxite, Coal & Petroleum -Weber’s
theory of industrial location; Location and distribution of Iron and Steel, Cotton Textiles.
III. Regional Geography of India:
Locational aspects, Major Physiographic regions, climate, drainage, soil types and
natural vegetation – pattern and growth trends of population, urbanization – Agriculture: Rice,
Wheat, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, Tea and Coffee – irrigation and power development in India –
Minerals : Iron, coal and petroleum – Composition and Pattern of trade – Resource appraisal of
Telangana, Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.
IV. Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems (GIS):
Basics of Aerial Photography and Remote sensing, components of Remote
sensing – Energy source, Platforms, sensors, Electromagnetic radiation, spectral
Signatures, orbital characteristics of Sun-synchronous and Geostationary satellites;
Remote sensing sensors – Active and passive, sensor characteristics, Cameras, Scanners,
Products, Growth and development of remote sensing in India. Geographic Information
Systems (GIS) : Definition, functions, components of GIS – Hardware and software, data
input and editing, date types – spatial and attribute data – raster and vector, GPS and its